Moon Jae-in fears Iran distracts Trump from North Korea nuke deal

SEOUL — South Korean officials say they fear that rising tensions in the Middle East could distract the Trump administration away from a key moment to seize on rare momentum in the pursuit of a nuclear deal withNorth Korea.

South Korean President Moon Jae-in, who will meet with PresidentTrumpnext week on the sidelines of the U.N. General Assembly session in New York, has expressed optimism about a renewal of the U.S.-North Koreatalks, which have been stalled since a second summit in February in Vietnam between PresidentTrumpand North Korean leader Kim Jong-un ended abruptly without a deal.

But government sources said Tuesday that the Moon administration is also concerned thatMr. Trump’s focus in New York will be on the clash with Iran in the wake of the weekend drone attacks on Saudi Arabia’s oil facilities.

“We want PresidentTrumpto focus on theNorth Koreamatter,” said one source, who added that South Korean officials convened a behind-the-scenes meeting Tuesday to weigh the possible negative impact that the Middle East developments could have on the situation.

South Korean officials say they believeNorth Koreawill seek by the end of the month to resume direct “working level” nuclear talks with U.S. officials for the first time since the failed Hanoi summit.

An official speaking on the condition of anonymity said Mr. Kim has given clear signs, despite months of provocations that included several short-range missile tests, is eager for a breakthrough with Washington by the end of the year. Analysts say the deal will require U.S. negotiators to embrace a step-by-step approach rather than an all-or-nothing offer — total sanctions relief in exchange for total denuclearization upfront — thatMr. Trumpput on the table in Hanoi.

The recent departure of hawkish National Security Adviser John R. Bolton could open the way for the more modest, phased approach. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and his top North Korean envoy, Stephen E. Biegun, were reportedly seeking that approach this year, only to be shut down by Mr. Bolton’s demand for a sweeping deal.

Signs of renewed personal diplomacy include a South Korean newspaper report that a letter sent by Mr. Kim toMr. Trumpin August included an invitation to travel to Pyongyang for a fourth one-on-one summit.

Mr. Trumptold reporters Monday that he expected to meet with Mr. Kim sometime before the end of the year but dismissed speculation that he would travel to Pyongyang anytime soon.

“I don’t think we’re ready for that,”Mr. Trumpsaid. “I would do it sometime, at some time at a later future.”

ButSouth Korea’s Mr. Moon has appeared eager this week to seize on the momentum spurred by the North Korean offer.

“Changes are underway even at this moment,” Mr. Moon, long a proponent of detente with Pyongyang, said Monday.

Speaking at a weekly meeting with his aides in Seoul, the South Korean president said he will “actively endorse and support dialogue betweenNorth Koreaand the United States” when he meets withMr. Trumpin New York next week.

Mr. Biegun sought to jump-start stalled talks with Pyongyang last month during a visit toSouth Korea. He said U.S. officials had offered to meet with their North Korean counterparts and were awaiting a response.

U.S. officials sayMr. Trumphas assigned Mr. Biegun’s team to try to build on the momentum from the president’s surprise meeting in June with Mr. Kim along the Demilitarized Zone dividing North andSouth Korea.

North Korea’s American affairs chief at the Foreign Ministry told the state-controlled KCNA press agency that talks with the U.S. could resume in a “few weeks” — with some conditions.

“The discussion of denuclearization may be possible when threats and hurdles endangering our system security and obstructing our development are clearly removed beyond all doubt,” the statement said.

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